**UNDERGRADUATE CATALOG**

Physics and Astronomy

Robert I. Boughton, Chair, 104 Overman Hall Charles T. Shirkey, Undergraduate Advisor, 115 Physical Sciences Bldg. Phone: 419-372-2421

Faculty

Professors- Robert I. Boughton, Thomas B. Cobb, G. Comer Duncan, Lewis P. Fulcher, Roger Ptak, Edgar B. Singleton (emeritus), Ronald E. Stoner

Associate Professors- A. Jared Crandall, John B. Laird, Kenneth F. Mucker (emeritus), Charles T. Shirkey, Dale W. Smith Assistant Professor- Yujie J. Ding

Degrees Offered

Bachelor of Science with concentrations in Applied Physics and
Microcomputer Systems.

Major (32 hours)

PHYS 211, 212, 301 and 311 (14)

PHYS 307, 317, 401, 416, 417 and 418 (17)
PHYS 429 or 470 (1)

It is recommended that a student majoring or minoring in physics take the following:

CHEM 125, 127 and 128 (10)

MATH 332 (3)

For students expecting to continue on to graduate school, the following courses are also recommended:

PHYS 303, 309, 402, and 419 (12)

Microcomputer Systems specialization

A student may elect to specialize in microcomputer systems. The following courses should be included as part of the major:

PHYS 303, 428, and 429 (9)

In addition, the following courses must be taken:

CS 101 (3)

CS 207, 208, 205, and 307 (12)

MATH 332 (3)

No minor is required

Applied Physics specialization

A student may elect to specialize in applied physics, with emphasis on the areas of current interest in the modern optics and solid state fields. The following courses should be included as part of the major:

PHYS 303, 306, 309, 410, 428 and 429 (18)

In addition the following courses must be taken:

CS 101 (3)

MATS 401, 402 (6)

CHEM 125, 127 and 128 (10)

No minor is required

Minor (22 hours)

PHYS 211, 212, 301 and 311 (14)

PHYS 307, 317 (4)

Other 300- and 400- level course in PHYS (4)

Education (Physics)

Major (30 hours)

(30 hours of physics plus MATH 232)

PHYS 211 and 212 (10)

PHYS 301, 311, 307 and 317 (8)

PHYS 303 (3)

MATH 232 (5)

PHYS electives at 300/400 level (9)

Astronomy

Minor (Planned program to substitute for minor)

Five courses chosen from ASTR 201, 212, 305, 307, 309, 321 and 403 (13-15) Additional courses in PHYS (6)

This program is intended for students with an avocational interest in astronomy. Students planning a career in astronomy should major in physics and choose astronomy courses as electives.

Education (Astronomy)

Endorsement

Leads to a strong background in astronomy, but does not lead to teacher
certification.

ASTR 201 (3)

Two other courses in ASTR among: 212, 305, 307, 403, 321 (5 or 6)

Courses for Undergraduates

**ASTR 201. Modern Astronomy **(3) I, II, III. Recent astronomical
discoveries, space travel among planets, birth and death of stars,
supernovas, pulsars, black holes, x-ray stars, radio galaxies, quasars,
extra-galactic phenomena, and origin of universe; some observational work.
Three one-hour lectures. Equipment fee.

**ASTR 212. The Solar System **(3) I, III. Planetary, solar and space
science. The moon, solar interior and atmosphere, solar/terrestrial
relations, planetary structure and atmospheres, comets, asteroids,
meteoroids, space exploration, origin of solar system. Three one-hour
lectures. Equipment fee.

**ASTR 270. Independent Study **(1-3) On demand. Introduction to research in
physics and astronomy; projects chosen in consultation with advisor. May
include library and laboratory work. For lower division students only.
Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**ASTR 305. Life in the Universe **(3) II. Alternate years. Possibilities
for life on other planets and other star systems, methods for communicating
with other intelligent life, movement of human life into space. Three
one-hour lectures.

**ASTR 307. Understanding the Cosmos **(3) II. Alternate years. The universe
as a whole, gravity black holes, structure of space; other galaxies and
the universal redshift, clusters of galaxies and other large scale
structure; big bang and steady state models; the three degree background
radiation; first moments of creation. Three one-hour lectures.

**ASTR 309. Observational Astronomy **(2) I. Alternate years.
Instrumentation and techniques used in making astronomical observations.
Includes operation of an astronomical telescope, working knowledge of
celestial coordinates, obtaining photographics images of astronomical
objects and digital images with data reduction. One-hour lecture and one
two-hour laboratory. Open only to majors and minors in physics or
astronomy. Lab fee.

**ASTR 321. Recent Progress in Astronomy **(2) I. Alternate years. Pulsar
dynamics, gravitational collapse and black holes, galaxies, large-scale
structure in the universe, active galaxies and quasars, cosmology. Two
two-hour lectures. Prerequisite: PHYS 212, or PHYS 202 and MATH 232. Not
open to students with credit for PHYS 321.

**ASTR 403. Stellar Structure and Evolution **(3) II. Alternate years. Basic
data, stellar interiors, theoretical models; adsvanced evolutionary
states; red giants, white dwarfs, neutron stars, supernovas, black holes.
Three one-hour lectures. Prerequisites: PHYS 301 and consent of
instructor. Not open to students with credit for PHYS 403.

**ASTR 470. Independent Study in Astronomy **(1-3) On demand. Introduction to
research in astronomy; projects chosen in consultation with advisor, may
include library and laboratory work. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

**PHYS 100. Basic Physics **(3) III. For the non-science student; major
principles and concepts; application to other fields. Three one-hour
lecture-recitations. Not acceptible toward physics major or minor.

**PHYS 101. Physics for Society **(3) II. Relation of physics to areas of
natural science, cultural development and society. Two one-hour
lecture-recitations and one two-hour laboratory. For non-science students;
not acceptible toward physics major or minor. Lab fee.

**PHYS 104. Physics for Elementary Teachers **(2) I, III. Introduction to
laws of motion, heat flow, electricity and magnetism, and microscopic
structure of matter; concepts used in the statement of these laws and
their applications. Two one-hour lecture-recitations. Not acceptible
toward physics major or minor.

**PHYS 201. College Physics I **(5) I, II, III. First term of an introductory
physics sequence intended for students without calculus. Motion, forces,
energy, fluids, heat and wave motion. Four lecture-recitations and one
two-hour laboratory. Prerequisites: algebra and trigonometry. Lab fee.

**PHYS 202. College Physics II **(5) I, II, III. Physics 201 continued.
Sound, electricity, magnetism, electrical measurements, optics; atomic,
nuclear and solid state physics. Four lecture-recitations and one two-hour
laboratory. Prerequisites: PHYS 201. Lab fee.

**PHYS 211. University Physics I **(5) I. Introductory calculus-based physics
sequence for science and engineering majors. Kinematics in one, two and
three dimensions; Newtonian mechanics; gravitation; heat and
thermodynamics. Four lecture-recitations and one two-hour laboratory.
Corequisite: MATH 131. Lab fee.

**PHYS 212. University Physics II **(5) II. Physics 211 continued. Wave
motion, sound, optics, electricity and magnetism. Four lecture-recitations
and one two-hour laboratory. Prerequisite: PHYS 211. Corequisite: MATH
232. Lab fee.

**PHYS 270. Independent Study **(1-3) On demand. Introduction to research in
physics and astronomy; projects chosen in consultation with advisor. May
include library and laboratory work. For lower division students only.
Prerequisites: consent of instructor.

**PHYS 301. Modern Physics **(3) I. Topics from relativity; quantum physics;
nuclear, atomic and molecular physics. Three lecture-recitations.
Prerequisites: MATH 232 and PHYS 202; or PHYS 212. Student must also
register for PHYS 311.

**PHYS 303. Electronics **(3) II. Discussion and laboratory practice in
networks, transistors, integrated circuits and associated analog circuitry.
Two lecture-recitations and one three-hour laboratory. Prerequisite:
PHYS 202 or PHYS 212. Lab fee.

**PHYS 306. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics **(3) I. Alternate years.
Thermodynamic laws, entropy, specific heat, kinetic theory, classical and
quantum statisitics. Three one-hour lecture-recitations. Prerequisites:
MATH 232 and PHYS 202; or PHYS 212.

**PHYS 307. Mechanics and Wave Motion **(3) II. Mechanics of periodic systems
including: the driven harmonic oscillator and coupled oscillators.
Fundamentals of wave motion and the propagation of waves in elastic media.
Three one-hour lecture-recitations. Prerequisites: MATH 232 and PHYS 202;
or PHYS 212.

**PHYS 308. Optics **(3) II. Alternate years. Propagation of electromagnetic
radiation in vacuum and in optically istotropic media; geometrical optics;
interference, diffraction and polarization of light with selected
classical applications. Selected topics in modern quantum optics. Three
one-hour lecture-recitations. Prerequisite: PHYS 301. Student must also
register for PHYS 318.

**PHYS 311. Modern Physics Laboratory **(1) I. Laboratory work designed to
accompany material presented in PHYS 301. One three-hour laboratory.
Prerequisites: PHYS 202; or PHYS 212. Corequisite: PHYS 301. Lab fee.

**PHYS 317. Wave Laboratory **(1) II. Introduction to advanced experimental
techniques and data analysis; laboratory investigation of wave phenomena.
One three-hour laboratory. Prerequisites: MATH 232 and PHYS 202; or PHYS 212
Corequisite: PHYS 307. Lab fee.

**PHYS 318. Optics Laboratory **(1) II. Alternate years. Laboratory
experiments in optics to accompany material in PHYS 308. One three-hour
laboratory. Corequisite: PHYS 308.

**PHYS 321. Recent Progress in Astronomy **(2) I. Alternate years. Pulsar
dynamics, gravitational collapse and black holes, galaxies, large-scale
structure in the universe, active galaxies and quasars, cosmology. Two
two-hour lectures. Prerequisite: PHYS 212, or PHYS 202 and MATH 232. Not
open to students with credit for ASTR 321.

**PHYS 350. Musical Acoustics **(3) II. Alternate years. Nature of
vibration; osund waves, sources of musical sounds - strings, air columns,
percussion, voice, noise; acoustics of rooms; recording, reproduction,
and synthesis of sound. Not open to students majoring in physical
sciences.

**PHYS 360. Environmental Physics **(3) II. Applications of physics concepts
to problems in the natural world. Topics such as the greenhouse effect,
acid rain, ozone depletion, electromagnetic fields, solar power, nuclear
energy and radiation, are examined from both environmental and scientific
perspectives. Prerequisites: junior standing and ENVS 101, or consent of
instructor. Not acceptible toward physics major or minor.

**PHYS 395. Workshop on Current Topics in Physics **(1-3) On demand. May be
repeated to 6 hours. Special topics in physics or astronomy of current or
unique interest to students. Does not apply to first 22 hours of minor or
first 32 hours of major.

**PHYS 401. Methods of Mathematical and Computational Physics I **(4) I.
Survey of basic methods of mathematical techniques applied to physics,
including linear algebra, ordinary differential equations, and vector
calculus with emphasis on how these concepts are used in physics. Parallel
development is given to numerical methods used to solve physical problems.
Use of an appropriate scientific programming language is included. Four
lecture-recitations. Prerequisites: PHYS 212; or PHYS 202 and MATH 232.

**PHYS 402. Methods of Mathematical and Computational Physics II **(3) II
(Alternate years). Survey of basic mathematical and computational
techniques for solving partial differential equations, including the wave
equation, Poisson's equation, and the heat transfer equation. Introduction
to Fourier analysis with applications and the Fast Fourier Transform
algorithms and their implementation. A rudimentary treatment of special
functions, as they arise in solving physical problems, will be given.
Prerequisite: PHYS 501 or permission of instructor.

**PHYS 403. Stellar Structure and Evolution **(3) I (Alternate years). Basic
data, stellar interiors, theoretical models. Advanced evolutionary states;
red giants, white dwarfs, neutron stars, supernovas and black holes.
Prerequisites: PHYS 301 or equivalent, and permission of instructor. Not
open to students with credit for ASTR 403.

**PHYS 410. Solid State Physics **(3) II (Alternate years). Continuum and
atomic theories of solids, lattice vibrations, specific heat of solids,
electron theory of metals and semiconductors. Superconductivity.
Prerequisite: PHYS 307 or equivalent.

**PHYS 411. Physics of Materials **(3) II (Alternate years). Structure and
physical properties of ceramics, composites, polymers, metallurgically
important alloys and amorphous systems. Theory of physical properties of
these substances: specific heat, conduction, diffusion. Prerequisite:
PHYS 307 or equivalent.

**PHYS 417. Quantum Mechanics **(3) II. Duality of matter and radiation,
state functions and interpretation, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, wave
equations and principles of wave mechanics, elementary applications of
Schroedinger's equation, operator methods and approximation techniques.
Prerequisite: PHYS 501 or equivalent.

**PHYS 418. Electricity and Magnetism I **(3) I . Electric and magnetic
fields; Maxwell's theory of electromagnetic field with applications in
propagation, absorption, reflection, transmission of radiation.
Prerequisite: PHYS 501 or equivalent.

**PHYS 419. Electricity and Magnetism I I **(3) II (Alternate years). PHYS
518 continued with applications to guided waves and physical optics.
Relativity.

Prerequisite: PHYS 518 or equivalent.

**PHYS 428. Microcomputer Interfacing **(3) I. Medium and large
scale integrated circuits such as peripheral interface adapters. UARTS,
A/D converters are used to interface a microcomputer to the external world
of the laboratory. One class period and two three-hour laboratories.
Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

**PHYS 429. Selected Topics in Microelectronics **(1-3) On
demand. An individual, in-depth study of a microelectronics project.
Designed to integrate the introductory knowledge gained in PHYS 528 into a
complete microelectronics system. Arranged. Prerequisite: PHYS 528 or
equivalent.

**PHYS 433. Philosophy and Physics of Space and Time **(3) II.
Physical theories of space and time from philosophical, scientific and
historical points of view. Topics include Zeno's paradoxes, Green's
concepts of space and time, classical Newtonian world view, general ideas
of modern theory of relativity and cosmology. Cross listed in PHIL.

Robert I. Boughton,

Chair, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

Director, Center for Materials Science

Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403
**(419)372-2421::FAX (419)372-9938**

boughton@andy.bgsu.edu